Cascades of Sphagnum
Bogs are easily recognizable by the presence of peat moss, a.k.a. Sphagnum. Peat itself is an accumulation of dead plant material and Sphagnum loves the harsh, waterlogged and often acidic conditions. It becomes the basis upon which other bog-loving plants grow – e.g. Ericaceous shrubs and carnivorous plants. Different species of Sphagnum come in a variety of beautiful colours. The little red dots are the sporangium that hold the spores waiting to be sent off to make new Sphagnum.