Wisps of Fall
First frost arrived Wednesday night for us, about 3 weeks ahead of schedule. Colours have started to change from chlorophyll green to other hues. The orange-yellow of carotenoids is unmasked as chlorophyll production stops. Anthrocyanins are produced towards the end of the growing season, showing off the beautiful red that is characteristic of maples. This Maidenhair fern is just showing peaks of brown-orange in its normal yellowish-green. Maple forests common in this area have large colonies of this beautiful showy fern with fronds that circle out and away from the crown.